The economy is a very complex subject. Entire books have been written on different types of economic theories. The reason economic theory is difficult is because it changes over time. Populations almost always grow over time. Certain resources definitely become more scarce. Economists have to look at the big picture when it comes to the economy. Simply creating jobs doesn’t cause a society to be productive. Governments need to balance inflation and deflation. They need to make sure that the land’s resources are being put to the best use. All economists would probably say that economies should ideally benefit people. Economics is the study of consumer choices.
Becoming a professional economist is hard work. A background in finance is usually required. Economics majors are statistically some of the highest paid college graduates, but economics is also one of the hardest college courses to pass. Understanding the math behind the economy is only half of the picture. Economists also have to come up with valid theories on why consumer choices are having an effect on the market. This may seem confusing to outsiders. We assume that free market systems function the way that they do because they’re set up that way, but that isn’t the case. The only thing that the United States government really controls is regulation and taxes. Even currencies may be decentralized from the dollar. Many people have recently invested in Bitcoin. Bitcoin is decentralized from the United States dollar because of the way it is created.
The best economists often go against the grain of popular opinion. Christian Broda is an economist that has argued that China and Walmart have been good for the middle class. He argues that they’ve helped keep American prices low. Most economists would argue that international trade is good for all economies. Broda suggests that globalization is good for high income countries.
There are no guaranteed rules on market behavior in economics. Math is still a very important aspect of any economics major. Economists need to use calculus on a daily basis. Courses in business calculus are usually required. An economist may work for a government or banking institution. They almost always work within the financial sector. Economists may be called in by governments to determine the best ways to stabilize the economy. Economic crashes in the American system typically happen when the amount of loans that are being issued get thrown out of balance. Economists have a few stable rules that they can consult when they are not sure how a market is going to behave. Prices almost always fluctuate. New technology may make a profession obsolete within a year. Economists can only look at the data and come up with their own statistical analysis.